USE 3 REFERENCES  FOR EACH RESPONSEMaster of Science in Nursing  

5 hours ago

Chijioke Ikegwuonu 



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Beneficence is an ethical concept that puts the physician under the obligation to act in the best interest of the patient and supports a number of moral values of preventing harm and defending the rights of others. It also helps remove conditions that will cause harm, help persons with mental health disabilities and rescue them from danger (Bipeta. 2019). Across the four articles, beneficence appears to be cutting across all the steps of decision making regardless of the decision maker. Psychiatric patients, whether adolescents or adults, may not have mental or legal capacity to understand what beneficence to their care to their care implies. The discussion summarizes four articles related to beneficence in the provision of psychiatry care to patients with mental illnesses.
            Ethical considerations of beneficence refers to the obligations of healthcare professionals to act in the best interest of the patient by enhancing morality and supporting several moral aspects to protect and defend the rights of patients. In their report, Zhang-Jiang et al. (2020) provides crucial insight on the application of beneficence model as an ethical approach in making clinical decisions in the surgical unit. Based on the article, beneficence as a duty is a legal and moral obligation. In their observation, proper clinical decision making is dependent on the decision making capacity and legal empowerment of the patient. Adult patients must be assisted to make decisions about their own care while maintaining the intention for medical good. For children, decision making is in the hands of parents/guardians as long as they do not have the capacity to make reasonable decisions. Legal aspects of beneficence comes in case of malpractice or when the physician goes beyond their jurisdiction of practice. Bipeta, R. (2019) highlights the Mental Healthcare Act 2017(MHCA) which outlines that every mentally ill person have the beneficent right to dimity, and protection from inhuman, cruel and degrading treatment. Any contrary to that is punishable by law.
            Sussman et al., (2018) state the need for clinicians to watch for potential ethical dilemmas coming from the use of technology. Adult psychiatric patients need to physically be examined to fully benefit from care. Adolescents are often fond of phones and therefore, clinicians and nurses are advised to respect the autonomy of patients, but whenever need be, they should be examined in close proximity of parents/guardians. On the other hand, Mohammad et al. (2018) discovered that there should be an existing stable knowledge on ethico-legal issues in mental health nursing irrespective of gender, age, marital status and years of experience. The ethico-legal aspects can jail any practitioner who detains mentally ill patients in nursing homes without consent or without

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