I am dealing with covid and I do not have the mental strength to work on this assignmentFor this Assignment, you will examine statistical significance and meaningfulness based on sample statements.To prepare for this Assignment:Review the Week 5 Scenarios found in this week’s Learning Resources and select two of the four scenarios for this Assignment.For additional support, review the Skill Builder: Evaluating P Values and the Skill Builder: Statistical Power, which you can find by navigating back to your Blackboard Course Home Page. From there, locate the Skill Builder link in the left navigation pane.For this Assignment:Critically evaluate the two scenarios you selected based upon the following points:Critically evaluate the sample size.Critically evaluate the statements for meaningfulness.Critically evaluate the statements for statistical significance.Based on your evaluation, provide an explanation of the implications for social change.Use proper APA format and citations, and referencing.You will most likely need the IBM SPSS softwareRSCH 8210 Week 4

Confidence Interval Assignment

Shaterri Bush

December 26, 2020

Prior to 1981, a handful of socioeconomic studies were conducted in six European

countries to document and understand public opinion of a variety of social topics and how those

opinions changed over time. Topics surveyed included religion, gender equality, income levels

and poverty, conflict and crime, public services, fairness and equality of the judicial system,

government and the democratic process.

In 1981, Ronald F Inglehart of the University of Michigan founded a non for profit

research group “World Values Surveys [1]” (WVS) in Stockholm Sweden with the charter of

expanding upon those original European surveys to understand how opinions varied by culture

and location. The ultimate goal of the WVS was to present policy makers with much needed

data to assist developing countries, to identify and quantify reasons behind civil unrest, and to

understand the motivations behind various atrocities (such as war, genocide, and terrorism) so

that society may predict and guide developing nations away from those behaviors . The results

of these surveys were called “barometers”.

In 1999, the WVS rolled out their values surveys to the African contentment and to the

Muslim communities contained within the African nations. Again, with the goal of

understanding the current status of public opinion and how that opinion was changing over time.

The tabulated surveys were called the “Afrobarometer [2]”.

In this analysis, the age of 51143 respondents to the Afrobarometer surveys were

investigated with SPSS software [3]. Figure 1 is an “area frequency” plot of the data. One the y

axis is the total number of respondents of the age given on the x axis. The plot clearly shows a

log normal distribution most likely due to the minimum age of 18 required for survey response.

Figure 1: age frequency plot of Afrobarometer survey respondents

A second way of looking at the data is with a box plot (figure 2). For that plot the data is

divided into quartiles of equal number of respondents. The lowest line (at age = 18) is the

minimum age of the respondents. The Q1 line is the dividing line between the youngest 25% of

respondents and the oldest 75% of respondents (25% are younger than Q1 and 75% are older

than Q1). The median line is the value for which 50% of respondents are younger and 50% are

older. The Q3 line is the divider between the lower 75% and the upper 25%. This plot shows

50% of the respondents were between 18 and 34 years old while 75% were between the ages of

18 and 47. People ages 48 and older only represented 25% of the respondents. Meaning, that

group of people might be underrepresented if the actual age distribution of the population

differed from those values.

highest age

recorded

Q3

Median = 34.0

Q1

Lowest age

recorded

Figure 2: age box plot of Afrobarometer survey respondents

And finally the mean age and confidence interval around the mean age were determined

using SPSS on the same data set. The results are tabulated in figure 3 below. The mean age

was determined to be 37.19 with a 95% confidence interval of 37.07 to 37.32 years

(approximately 37.19 ± 0.125 rounded). The confidence interval tells us that there is a 95%

chance the true mean lies within that interval [4].

Figure 3: descriptive statistics for Age of respondent to Afrobarometer

References

[1] “World Values Survey,” [Online]. Available: http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/wvs.jsp. [Accessed

26 12 2020].

[2] “Afrobarometer,” [Online]. Available: http://www.afrobarometer.org/.

[3] W. Wagner, Using IBM SPSS statistics for research methods and social science statistics, 6th edition,

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2016.

[4] e. McClave, Statistics for Business and Economics, 13th edition, Pearson, 2018.

RSCH 8210 Week 3

Descriptive Analysis Assignment

Shaterri Bush

December 20, 2020

I changed my variables from the week 2 assignment, because I felt that there was not

much that I could do with those variables. For this assignment I wanted to use the variables of

high school students and the geographical location of the school.

The longitudinal data set displays information about the students at different high

schools. The variables I selected; geographic location and socioeconomic status of the students

will display as the X1 Region and X1ses. The variable X1 Region is a qualitative variable. I am

utilizing it to classify different high schools according to their location within the region. Each

location has a different code. West (4), South (3), Midwest (2), and Northeast (1). This display

provides an acceptable visual representation in the frequency bar. The number of high schools

are shown in each region. In figure 1 the number in the South region is higher and lower in the

Northwest/ West regions.

A continuous variable is the second variable. The qualitative variable is represented by

socioeconomic status or wealth in tat specific region. A polygon line provides the best

representation because it shows already existing trends sown in the database. In figure 2, the data

shows a curved shape that could lead to the suggestion of the data following a normal

distributing report. The average socioeconomic status if considering the chart representation is

roughly 0.055.

Having a true understanding of the trend of data proves to be vital from a societal point of

view. The visuals that are presented highlights the problems that can affect the Northeast and

West regions because of the lack of high schools in these regions. An implication of social

change could be the impact of availability of jobs in the area for lower income residents. This

will provide more funding for schools to provide additional resources such as afterschool

programs, tutoring, and stem programs. Having more schools in the region will also change the

education completion level would in the long run affect the economy.

This visual display the categorial variable providing representation of students in different

geographical regions.

Continuous variable representing the polygon line of socioeconomic status composite of students

References

Frankfort-Nachmias, C., & Leon-Guerrero, A. (2018). Social statistics for a diverse society (8th

ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Wagner, W. E. (2016). Using IBM® SPSS® statistics for research methods and social science

statistics (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Purchase answer to see full

attachment

#### Why Choose Us

- 100% non-plagiarized Papers
- 24/7 /365 Service Available
- Affordable Prices
- Any Paper, Urgency, and Subject
- Will complete your papers in 6 hours
- On-time Delivery
- Money-back and Privacy guarantees
- Unlimited Amendments upon request
- Satisfaction guarantee

#### How it Works

- Click on the “Place Order” tab at the top menu or “Order Now” icon at the bottom and a new page will appear with an order form to be filled.
- Fill in your paper’s requirements in the "
**PAPER DETAILS**" section. - Fill in your paper’s academic level, deadline, and the required number of pages from the drop-down menus.
- Click “
**CREATE ACCOUNT & SIGN IN**” to enter your registration details and get an account with us for record-keeping and then, click on “PROCEED TO CHECKOUT” at the bottom of the page. - From there, the payment sections will show, follow the guided payment process and your order will be available for our writing team to work on it.