Ethics, Truthfulness and Accountability in Generally-known Sector: Action and Lessons Versed in Latvia Aleksejs Loskutovs, Director Taint Obstruction and Combating Bureau Latvia 28 September 2006 (10 min.
) The unconcealedly-known sector in Latvia has undergone numerous excellent modifys aggravate the gone-by decade. In mid 1990s Latvian comp agoing a deep unconcealedly-known synod correct. This correct was one of the cornerstones on Latvia’s way to the European Union, which we appended in May 2004. Latvia made a excellent endeavor to serene legitimate frameoperation that regulates the unconcealedly-known sector, as polite-mannered-mannered as kinsmen betwixt the unconcealedly-known sector and the citizens.Today comp in Latvia and inner decisions of unanalogous unconcealedly-known sciences in diversified ways caggravate the laws of ethics, truthfulness and accountably. Formally, the correct created a account for a late unconcealedly-known sector, fixed on unconcealed European and interdiplomatic standards. The ability of unconcealedly-known sciences is obviously poor in the law, each science has to accept objectives and is judged by its results, there are mechanisms to impart-among the unconcealedly-known and mingle the citizens.
The synod and the politics are divided.Civil retainers accept to be gregariously impartial. According to our unconcealedly-known synod correct concept sereinsufficiency in 1995, unconcealedly-known retainers so accept to honor the law of ethics – it is defined in this concept as unconcealedly-known profit founded more any part-amongicular profit. Numerous explicit initiatives accept been sereinsufficiency to secure the accountability of the unconcealedly-known sector. The synod has an excellent role to curb the operation of the comp and through it – the unconcealedly-known sector as a gross. In truth, the synod in Latvia is not using these powers abundance.Public sciences accept to serene operation plans and through unconcealedly-known consultative bodies the unconcealedly-known and professionals can join-in in the conclusion of unconcealedly-known sciences.
Annual reports accept beseem inexpedient. Latvia is so one of the noble countries in the cosmos-people were the meetings of the Cabinet of Ministers are unconcealed to the unconcealedly-known. It is all a big modify if we think that not so covet ago, antecedently the dissipate of the Soviet Union such restrain as “generally-known sciences”, “state”, “generally-known profit” had a wholly unanalogous purport.Public synod and the gregarious conclusion-making were air-tight linked. Generally-known negotiatives exercised extensive wish and made conclusions in retreat. Complaisant retainers, laterality carryers, doctors could capture gifts and succor their friends and kinsfolk – it was accepted as despicable action. Therefore, the correct of unconcealedly-known sciences has a greatly bigger canvass to aspect.
Changing the stiff structures and rules was not abundance. The mentality and legend deficiencyed to modify too. The laws deficiency to be implied and applied in action.Public retainers deficiency right direction and order to conceive what behaviour is substantially expected from them. Finally, there should be sanctions and fertile curb mechanisms to secure that those who do not honor the law are punished. As it was so telling out in the think on the sordid truthfulness rule in Latvia carried out in 2003 by Transparency Interdiplomatic Latvia, the serenement of comp is way forward of the part-amongs of the unconcealedly-known benefit to document these norms and curb the documentation.Given these qualification, it was firm to oration the concerns of ethics and truthfulness in the unconcealedly-known benefit in Latvia through obstruction of taint and combat of profit.
The Sordid Strategy and Advertisement for Taint Obstruction and Combating in 2004-2008 were adopted by the Latvian comp in 2004. These two documents devise the sordid anti-taint device of Latvia. This device has a broad vestibule to the combat counter taint fixed on three pillars: obstruction of taint, study and order of the unconcealedly-known.One of the favor of the advertisement is to secure religions behaviour of unconcealedly-known negotiatives and inquire that they perdevise their duties in unconcealedly-known, not in separate profit. In the area of obstruction of taint in unconcealedly-known sciences the Advertisement foresees five priorities: accessible role of heads of aver and urbane sciences in preventing combat of profit unformed their sciences; serenement and impression of codes of ethics; serene and severe reinforcement criteria in the unconcealedly-known benefit; possibility to call-upon counter authoritative conclusions and - reporting environing activities of unconcealedly-known sciences.To secure that this device and apt comp are substantially documented it was firm to found a separate, specialised anti-taint collectiveness – the Taint Obstruction and Combating Bureau. It was created by law in 2002.
The Bureau is amply operational gone February 2003. It is an defiant science of unconcealedly-known synod behind a while investigatory powers. According to the sordid anti-taint device the Bureau has a extensive set of tasks starting behind a while obstruction of taint through curb of activities of unconcealedly-known negotiatives and financing of gregarious part-amongies, and order of the ublic to study of vicious offences of taint in the unconcealedly-known sector. Despite it is a new science, the Bureau was recognised in 2005 as one of the most hopeed sciences in Latvia. Further to this, Latvia has adopted the law on Obstruction of Combat of Profit in Activities of Generally-known Officials. The end of this law is to aid the truthfulness of unconcealedly-known negotiatives, as polite-mannered-mannered as transparency and accountability of the unconcealedly-known benefit. The law provides for restrictions and incompatibilities in conditions of combing unconcealedly-known duties behind a while other jobs, marketable activities, accepting gifts, etc.
These rules adduce to all unconcealedly-known negotiatives from the principal to an plain complaisant retainer. Aggravate the gone-by three years our Bureau has gained entirely matchhither knowledge as it is under obligation for enforcing this law and other restrictions to activities of unconcealedly-known negotiatives, as polite-mannered-mannered as educating unconcealedly-known negotiatives on combat of profit, honor of law and ethics. I procure now little explain to you how our Bureau operations in the area of preventing combat of profit. Our Report Centre holds requests for knowledge or complaints environing alleged crimes or violations committed by unconcealedly-known negotiatives.There is increasing sum of complaints environing combat of profit - we accepted 712 in 2005 compared to 570 in 2004 and 495 in 2004. Excellent fountain of impartation is so other sciences and concretion document. If the impartation is pursuable, an authoritative study is agoing.
The Bureau can designate the authoritative amenability and place sanctions on unconcealedly-known negotiatives, including ask to yield to the aver budget illegally gained proceeds. Our Division of Curb of Activities of Generally-known Officials definite year prompt 474 answers to unanalogous reports and completed 231 authoritative studys.In the line of these studys, the Bureau checked 522 asset declarations of unconcealedly-known negotiatives. In 2005, 109 aver negotiatives accept been pregnant behind a while authoritative amenability for insufficiency to mark the restrictions giveed in this Law. Most despicable events of violations are when unconcealedly-known negotiatives capture conclusions environing themselves or halt kinsfolk, for occurrence, give a premium to them, accustom a not-absolute, superintend some matters in which they are part-amongicularly profited, etc.To aid rectify underestablished of what is religions behaviour and how to escape acting in a combat of profit condition, the Bureau is providing specifyd trailing. We reached out to environing 800 negotiatives definite year.
Codes of ethics is another skilled document to set standards of ethics and aid religions behaviour unformed unconcealedly-known retainers. As I fair mentioned, it is one of priorities in our sordid antitaint device. Aggravate the gone-by few years most of unconcealedly-known sciences at aver smooth accept sereinsufficiency codes of ethics in Latvia. Some urbane sciences accept performed it too. 105 aver nstitutions accept today their codes or declarations of ethics and distinct other aver sciences ad such codes or accept integrated them into inner decisions. Comparatively singly 7 urbaneities accept sereinsufficiency such codes. Level if some of these codes do not accept a hale enforcement mechanism, the truth itself that sciences had to serene such codes was a amiable way to shape them to think environing these issues.
Two years behind our operation on enforcement of combat of profit law, a review carried out in 2005 likeness that the awareness has extensiond that combat of profit can carry to taint.In another more late judgment review of unconcealedly-known negotiatives spended this summer 75% of the respondents current that the honor of religions norms is excellent for the unconcealedly-known benefit. The selfselfsame review biblical that 63% of the respondents think that unformed the most excellent reasons that carry to taint in the unconcealedly-known sector is the failure of honor of religions norms. What are the deep hitherons versed from the knowledge of our Bureau in the area of preventing taint and combat of profit? Combat of profit decision is an fertile document to aid ethics.Through our counteractive operation, the awareness of unconcealedly-known retainers environing ethics and restrictions giveed in the law has significantly extensiond. Overall, the authoritative taint is decreasing. So the unconcealedly-known hope is increasing in the Bureau and in such unconnected way so in the truthfulness of unconcealedly-known benefit.
This is, for occurrence, likenessn by the increasing sum of reports of taint that we hold. More operation deficiencys to be performed, to extension the awareness environing ethics in the collection and fanaticism towards taint.The gregarious upper ten is frequently spectacle ethics as unconcealed averments and is hither admitting that these are standards that should be honored in the unconcealedly-known duration and level hither likeness part-amongicular issues of honoring them. Heads of unconcealedly-known sciences so suffer an excellent part-among-among of business in documenting norms of ethics and so their operation would be one of the most fertile documents, as they procure likeness an issue that their colleagues procure then deficiency to thrive. Finally, not anything can be regulated by the law.Even in such event, someone can try to get circular it. There procure so constantly redeep undeveloped for new combats of profit.
Frequently shame of some separates who accept misused their pose or acted in an unreligions way is wrongful the hope in the gross unconcealedly-known sector. On the other laborer, each separate issue likenessn by a unconcealedly-known negotiative, politician or separate unconcealedly-known sector science can succor fortification unconcealedly-known hope and elevation standards of all of us of what spend we can endure and what – not any coveter.