UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS AS LITERATURE IN ENGLISH: SYLLABUS 9695 NOTES FOR TEACHERS ON STORIES SET FOR STUDY FROM STORIES OF OURSELVES: THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS ANTHOLOGY OF SHORT STORIES IN ENGLISH FOR EXAMINATION IN JUNE AND NOVEMBER 2010, 2011 AND 2012 CONTENTS Introduction: How to use these hushs 1. The Fall of the House of UsherEdgar Allen Poe 2. The Open BoatStephen Crane 3. The Door in the WallHG Wells 4. The Vulgar BeforeMaurice Shadbolt 5. A Horse and Two GoatsRK Narayan 6. JourneyPatricia Grace 7.
To Da-Duh, In MemoriamPaule Marshall 8. Of Pure Hairs and CricketRohinton Mistry 9. SandpiperAhdaf Soueif 10. TyresAdam Thorpe These hushs are adapted to yield some setting instruction on each producer and/or legend as an aid to advance investigation and to aggravate discourse in the classroom. They are adapted solely as a starting aim and are no exchange for the teacher’s and student’s own consider and scrutiny of the texts. Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) The Fall of the House of Usher This is one of the most illustrious gothic stories from one of the masters of the enre and contains multifarious of the unwritten elements of the genre, including excessive-fear, dissolution, medievalism, an obsolete architecture and signs of noticeable metaphysical restlessness. The humor of grinding moody is propoundd at the aperture of the legend and hither readers may hush an acknowledgement of the request of gothic fiction: conjuncture thither is trepidation and excessive-fear, the shudder is ‘thrilling’ and the ‘sentiment’ is ‘half-pleasurable’. At the capital of the legend are mysteries, encircling the metaphysical propound of Usher himself and encircling his sister’s indisposition and dissolution.
The legend solely offers hints and recommendions; thither is an ‘grinding secret’, conjuncture the sister, buried in a strangely ensure evince, produce as if vertical from the heavy to assumption her fellow. In archetypal gothic shape, a violent swagger of remote outrage mirrors the damnation of the lineage and its ancient residence. Excessive-trepidation stories and excessive-trepidation films sojourn to keep expanded common request and it is rate beproducer why this is so, and in what ways this legend fulfils the request of the excessive-trepidation legend. Why are Usher’s and his sister’s maladies never signed? What does Madeline’s evade from the evince recommend?
Wider balbutiation Other gothic tales by Poe embrace The Masque of the Red Death, The Tell-Tale Heart and The Black Cat. The Dame in Black by Susan Hill Compare after a conjuncture The Door in the Wall by HG Wells The Hollow of the Three Hills by Nathaniel Hawthorne The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Online Biographical embodied and a searchable catalogue of exertions can be establish at: http://www. online-literature. com/poe/ Stephen Crane (1871-1900) The Open Boat This legend is domiciled on Crane’s own experiment, when as a war similar, the boat he was wandering on to Cuba sank.
He and others gone-by a sum of days purporting in a minute boat precedently stretching plant. The legend explores the quietness of men in a shared vow and their opposed in the countenance of insecurity. The fact appellation is factual and unembellished, peradventure mirroring the proper practicality of the men in the boat whose legend is entity narrated. It engenders an tears of the skilled seamanship and quiet demonstrated by the seamen. The drama in the legend afters from the waves; the seamen opposed, swap roles and help each other lowerneathneath the control of the leader.
When they so-far stretch strand, disdisentanglement afters to one of them, who is ‘randomly’ selected. Externally evidently aiming for touch, Crane achieves it after a conjuncture the oiler’s dissolution. The legend, approve the seamen, betrays ‘no superficial words, no pallor, no unembellished agitation’, but achieves a genuine soundness of detriment at its misentry. Wider balbutiation The Red Badge of Courage by Stephen Crane Typhoon by Joseph Conrad Compare after a conjuncture The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allen Poe How it Happened by Arthur Conan Doyle Genuine Season by Amit Chaudhuri Online Biographical embodied and a searchable catalogue of exertions can be establish at: http://www. nline-literature. com/crane/ HG Wells (1866-1946) The Door in the Wall As inclined as illustrious stranges such as The War of the Worlds and The Season Machine, HG Wells wrote confused soon stories, multifarious of which parade the producer’s producer in fantasy and the unlikely, but a component of the stories is the way in which Wells generates a soundness of veracity in his facts. This was demonstrated when a radio unsparingly of an despatches of The War of the Worlds in 1938 producerd excitement in New York, and can besides be seen in the attendant’s second after a conjuncture the fact of the legend at the initiation of The Door in the Wall.
Here the attendant is retelling the legend of someone else, who in adapt tells it to him after a conjuncture ‘such trodden plainness of conviction’. This generates a strain which offscourings throughout the legend, which on the one agency is ‘frankly incredible’ conjuncture we are systematic that ‘it was a penny legend’. The impermanent childhood evade into the paradisiacal field is evoked after a conjuncture nostalgic wishing, but offscourings mysterious. The kind’s decisive disdisentanglement leaves questions for the reader; it is either another mysterious fact, or some bark of disentanglement to the obscurity.
Wider balbutiation Try either of the stranges catalogueed over, or other soon stories by Wells, such as The Province of the Blind or The Diamond Maker. Compare after a conjuncture The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allen Poe The Signalman by Charles Dickens The Affecting Finger by Edith Wharton Online Wells’ biography and a searchable catalogue of exertions can be establish at: http://www. online-literature. com/wellshg/ An recital of the New York excitement can be establish at: http://history1900s. encircling. com/od/1930s/a/warofworlds. htm Maurice Shadbolt (1932-1985) The Vulgar Before
Maurice Shadbolt is one of the stately delineations of New Zeaplant study, seductive confused awards and accolades for his exertion, plenteous of which examines the hilegend of the province through fact. The convenient kinds in this legend are carving out a cultivation creature on the plant, and the significance of plant holding to the lineage is made presumable in a sum of phrases in the legend. The attendant tells us that ‘my senior took on that farm’, he refers to the significance of ‘Land of your own,’ which graces ‘your own dirty kingdom’.
The recommendions of the hilegend of the plant after through the thread of the greenstone adzes and attitudes to the plant are brought to the fore after a conjuncture the scrutinize of the Maori assembly. Although Shadbolt kindises Tom Taikaka as cheerful, inclined and resigned, thither is the regular lowerneathlying acknowledgement of the Europeans’ displacing of the Maori from their plant. Jim’s endeavor at restoring the greenstone to Tom is symbolic of an endeavor at indemnification, and the reader is left to recognize Tom’s averse discountenance.
The readapt of the Maori senior to the plant in dissolution, and his non-appearance, is another proof of his conjunction after a conjuncture the plantscape and frequently demonstrates the irrelative attitudes to plant held by the Maoris and the Europeans, attitudes which sojourn polarised in the fellows at the end of the legend. Wider balbutiation Strangers and Journeys or The Lovelock Version by Maurice Shadbolt Playing Waterloo by Peter Hawes Compare after a conjuncture Voyage by Patricia Grace Her Primitive Ball by Katherine Mansfield The Enemy by VS Naipaul Online Biographical instruction and a delicate revisal of Shadbolt’s exertion is serviceable at: http://www. ookcouncil. org. nz/writers/shadboltm. html This newspaper obituary is besides producering: http://www. seasonsonline. co. uk/tol/comment/obituaries/article497710. ece RK Narayan (1906-2001) A Horse and Two Goats Narayan has written confused stranges and soon stories, multifarious of them set in Malgudi, a fictional but usual minute Indian town. His kinds are systematically humdrum vulgar answer their path through Indian activity. Although A Horse and Two Goats effects no allusion to Malgudi itself, it is usual of these stories, as Muni tries to speed and refreshment the lot of his need.
The legend is narrated after a conjuncture the non-judgemental lowerneathstanding and mild humour usual of Narayan’s despatches. The truth emphasises the composure of the village, and by spiral the composure of its convenient kind, who is coping after a conjuncture need and domiciliary pains and seeks to refreshment his way by deception and romance. The big deception of the legend, though, happens through misinterpretation and after a conjunctureout Muni’s purpose, Narayan creating afterdy through the two correlative lines of endeavored tete-a-tete among Muni and the American tourist.
Within the afterdy, though, Narayan parades the irrelative values of the two, the American’s tete-a-tete seconded after a conjuncture compensation and consequences, conjuncture Muni is seconded after a conjuncture hilegend and spirituality. Wider balbutiation The Guide (novel) and Malgudi Days (soon stories) by RK Narayan Kanthapura by Raja Rao Compare after a conjuncture Games at Twilight by Anita Desai Of Pure Hairs and Cricket by Rohinton Mistry Online Instruction encircling RK Narayan is serviceable at: http://www. eng. fju. edu. tw/worldlit/india/narayan. html Patricia Grace (1937-) Journey
Patricia Grace’s primitive strange, Mutuwhenua, was weighty in entity the primitive strange published by a dame Maori writer, and she has beafter an considerable delineation in Maori despatches in English in New Zealand. Voyage parades her producer in the Maoris’ unwritten assumptions on plant. The rather dislocated fact, after a conjuncture poor punctuation and no discourse markings, generates the consequence of creating the old man’s perspective, although the fact is written in the third individual. This old man’s perspective, after a conjuncture its old Maori judgment, is paraden to be out of neutralize after a conjuncture ‘these pubescent vulgar’, the ‘cars and railways’, the new housing and the augmentation of the city.
His voyage into the city effects him affect further and further estranged, and this is accentuated when the fact is interspersed after a conjuncture the conference tete-a-tete. The fabricatoritative and the old man cannot effect each other lowerneathstand. Thither is no lowerstanding on either producer of the other’s purpose of how plant should be used, and the legend ends after a conjuncture discomfiture, outrage and disillusion. In this legend, Grace recommends that unwritten Maori governance of plant has no attribute in later empire and planning. Wider balbutiation
Mutuwhenua (novel) or The Dream Sleepers and Other Stories (soon stories) by Patricia Grace Playing Waterloo by Peter Hawes The Bone Vulgar by Keri Hulme Compare after a conjuncture The Vulgar Precedently by Maurice Shadbolt To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall Online Biographical and other instruction encircling Patricia Grace is serviceable at: http://www. artsfoundation. org. nz/patricia. html Paule Marshall (1929-) To Da-Duh, In Memoriam The attendant in this legend remembers her scrutinize from New York to her mother’s residence province, which to her is the ‘alien visibility and sounds of Barbados’.
The legend hinges on the harmony formed among the pubescent virgin and her grandmother, Da-duh of the appellation. Conjuncture the Caribbean is unacquainted to the pubescent virgin, who sees it as ‘some insecurityous attribute’, Da-duh wants to parade off its qualities, and a race is propoundd among the virgin and the grandmother, among juvenility and age, among laterity and romance and among New York and Barbados, which culminates in the virgin’s assumption of the crisis of the Empire Propound Building, which dwarfs all that Da-duh parades her.
The pubescent virgin’s exultation, still, is meek at the end of the legend by ‘the shadow’ of Da-duh’s dissolution. Wider balbutiation This legend is fascinated from Merle and Other Stories by Paule Marshall. Compare after a conjuncture Voyage by Patricia Grace Online Instruction encircling Paule Marshall is serviceable at: http://www. answers. com/topic/paule_marshall Rohinton Mistry (1952-) Of Pure Hairs and Cricket This legend’s second after a conjuncture age and non-existence is reflected in the texture, initiation after a conjuncture the hindrance of the attendant’s senior’s pure hairs and affecting to what seems to be his adherent’s senior’s ultimate indisposition.
In the room of the legend the attendant has his own reassembly of non-existence and emerges from boyhood into the adult earth. He moves from beproducer displeasing his function of reaffecting his senior’s pure hairs to a unmeasured awareness of the regularity of ageing which he ‘is undecided to stop’. Thither are other signs of this regularity throughout the legend: the detriment of the childhood cricket matches, the increasing faintness of Mamaiji, the senior’s ineffectual trust of a new job. It is the attack after a conjuncture the adherent Viraf, Dr Sidhwa and the glimmering of Viraf’s senior which yields the attendant his epiphanic second.
Wider balbutiation This legend is fascinated from the assembly Swimming Lessons and Other Stories. You could besides try the strange Lineage Matters by Rohinton Mistry. Malgudi Days by RK Narayan The God of Minute Things by Arundhati Roy Compare after a conjuncture A Horse and Two Goats by RK Narayan To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall The Enemy by VS Naipaul Games at Twilight by Anita Desai Online Biographical embodied is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth73 Ahdaf Soueif (1950-)
Sandpiper The attendant in this legend is averse to disorder level ‘one mite of sand’, and this reflects her passivity as her harmony after a conjuncture her mate breaks down lowerneathneath cultural pressures. The harmony after a conjuncture him is carefully charted, closely historically, but it is weighty that he is never denominated, and a soundness of detriment grows at the capital of the fact. The fact texture embraces disconcerting juxtapositions among perpetuation and the confer-upon to parade the attendant’s surfeit of purpose.
The fact describes a affection among the two formed elsewhere; it is the readapt to the mate’s province which generates the cultural and lineage pressures on the harmony, including the detriment of feminine insurrection, exertion and convertibility, which producer the couple to purport away. Such seconds of discordant cultural pressures are peradventure a original second of an producer born and educated in Egypt, precedently persistent notice in England. She now divides her season among Cairo and London. Wider balbutiation This legend is fascinated from a assembly of soon stories by Ahdaf Soueif, besides denominated Sandpiper.
The Map of Affection is a strange which deals after a conjuncture a affection subject among an Egyptian and an English dame. The God of Minute Things by Arundhati Roy Compare after a conjuncture To Da-duh, In Memoriam by Paule Marshall The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman Five-Twenty by Patrick Pure Online Biographical instruction encircling Ahdaf Soueif is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth227 Adam Thorpe (1956-) Tyres The fact of Tyres is set frequentlyst the strain of German-occupied France during the Second Earth War, whither harmonys are strained, dirty can be openly pestilential and distrust is prevalent.
The uncivilization of war suddenly intervenes in the average of the legend after a conjuncture the killing of the reputed members of the French Hindrance change-of-place (the Maquis) and the villagers compact to purpose the bodies, their ‘guts…literally looped and dripping closely to the floor’, precedently the hanging of the ringleader from the village bridge. Set frequentlyst this is the partially developing affection subject among the pubescent lad tuition to guard vehicles in his senior’s garage and the virgin who cycles spent each day.
The pubescent man’s truth leads the reader partially to his decisive act of involvement after a conjuncture the hindrance frequentlyst the Germans and its consequences; ill-luck seems to be the producer of sin, and the decisive disclosure of the age of the attendant parades how covet that sin and truthfulness has lasted. In this legend, Thorpe sets ordinariness – exertioning on cars, changing tyres, a developing harmony – frequentlyst extraordinariness – the Second Earth War and German avocation – to generate a minute stinging legend of war.
Wider balbutiation This legend afters from Adam Thorpe’s soon legend assembly Shifts. His strange Ulverton is a assembly of very irrelative facts which behalf concertedly the covet hilegend of an English village. Compare after a conjuncture To Da-duh, In Memoriam By Paule Marshall The Affecting Finger by Edith Wharton The Taste of Watermelon by Borden Deal Online Biographical instruction and a revisal of Adam Thorpe’s exertion is serviceable at: http://www. contemporarywriters. com/authors/? p=auth95